Monday, August 24, 2020
Question: Examine about the Network Design For Hubs and Switches. Answer: Neighborhood Design The organization will be appropriate by a Transmission Control Network/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Network. The structure will require the utilization of two center points and five switches according to the system outline underneath. There will be two Virtual Private Network empowered switches, one on the principal floor and the other one on the subsequent floor. Each Virtual Private Network (VPN) empowered switch will be associated with a modem which permits them to get to the web and interface with the other switch. The switch will likewise be associated with a 24-port switch which will bring the 24-port center points into a focal association with the switch. The center points and switches will be associated with the work stations. The workstations on the Second floor will utilize one switch since the territory secured is littler and can be reached by Ethernet links specified. The change from the switch will interface with the business division and to the advertising office. The quantity of workstations in the business office is beyond what our switch or center can hold and subsequently we will utilize a switch and a center both associated with the primary switch interfacing with the switch and each interfacing fifteen workstations. The Switch is the best to use to interconnect the center points since they will all transmit information parcels to a similar goal and subsequently the data hand-off issues regular with center points may not be experienced. The General Support office on the principal floor will likewise be associated with a switch and a center since they all have a limit of 23 workstations to convey and the division has 30 workstations. Each switch and center will, accordingly, be qualified for fifteen workstations as represented by the system chart beneath. Proposal for Local Area Network wiring I would prescribe the organization to utilize Gigabit Ethernet which transmits information in type of Ethernet outlines at a super-quick speed of one gigabit in each second. The predetermined ethernet link is exceptionally quicker from the other usually utilized ethernet links. They are likewise practical because of their low cost and ensured speed. The gigabit ethernet links will require the change to be Gigabit switches for similarity. The framework can Use Power over Ethernet (PoE) or only an ordinary Gigabit switch that can associate the Gigabit quick ethernet links. In their structure, the Gigabit Fast Ethernets are sensibly into two divisions, the Media Access Control (MAC) and the Physical Layer Interface(PHY). The Media Access Controller manages issues of accessibility of the mode of sending or getting the ethernet parcels while the Physical Layer Interface manages the transfer of the packets. This ensures the Ethernet's accessibility gave the system is going. This aides in achieving the high speeds the links work in. Proposal for Local Area Network topology and convention The best topology to use in our arrangement is the star topology. The topology applies the utilization of one focal center that associates with the various workstations through the ethernet links. The topology may appear to be costly to set up because of its popularity for ethernet links yet it is the best because of its simplicity of correspondence. Any workstation will have the option to impart by the various workstations in having a similar center point. It is conceivable to supplant one workstation which flops in the topology without influencing the activity of the rest. Extra of another workstation in the arrangement will likewise have no negative impact on the arrangement. The topology in this way demonstrates best since when a hub isn't practical or is in a breakdown condition, the rest framework stays operational. It is smarter to utilize the TCP/IP convention to the extraordinary disentanglement it has in the structure, support and investigating the system framework. When utilizing TCP/IP, it is anything but difficult to distinguish any blunder that happens in the Network framework and right it contrasted with other protocols. The system will, in this way, be anything but difficult to utilize and see in any event, for those with no systems administration experience. The system convention likewise makes it simple to overhaul the system if need be might be in future. It is basic for organize frameworks to be updated as organizations keep on developing. It would be gainful, along these lines, if the system was structured in a path that during overhauling, just new workstations and gadgets will be included the system framework. Different conventions might not have space for extension. In our structure, it is conceivable to include eight additional machines in any switch of the business division without altering the effectively designed gadgets all the speed of access of information. Utilizing TCP/IP guarantees association and correspondence in the organized gadgets paying little heed to their equipment frameworks. The utilization of Internet Protocol (IP address) guarantees similarity of all the organized gadgets with no respect to frameworks abilities or Operating framework e.g., a windows workstation can be associated with the switch along with a Linux workstation and both will convey and work appropriately which is additionally an advantage. Floor plan The advertising office is littler regarding workstations since it just has ten workstations. It will, along these lines, be reasonable to hold the server room and every single other workstation will be associated from here. The Sales division has thirty workstations which will be part into two, one utilizing a center point and the other to utilize a switch. References P. Oppenheimer, Top-Down Network Design (third Edition), Cisco Press, September 3, 2010. C. #. Michel Thomatis, Network Design Cookbook: Architecting Cisco Networks, Lulu.com, August 2016. W. Odom, CCNA Routing and Switching 200-120 Official Cert Guide Library CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-101 Official Cert Guide first Edition, Cisco Press, June 2, 2013. T. P. Karanjit S. Siyan, TCP/IP Unleashed third Edition, Sams., Feb 20, 2002.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Tiger Brands Limited, a Top 40 JSE Limited organization whose impression reaches out over the African landmass and past, is perhaps the biggest producer and advertisers of FMCG items in Southern Africa, and has been for quite a few years. Tiger Brands has been worked more than quite a few years through the securing and grouping of organizations which own driving food, home and individual consideration brands. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s achievement is developed and kept up through the ceaseless redesign and advancement of its brands, while its way to deal with extension, acquisitions and joint endeavors has offered footing to an appropriation arrange that presently ranges in excess of 22 African nations. The Group center is around the center business of FMCG classes that spread collaboration over the worth chain Ã¢â¬ which an expansive bushel of classifications traverses food, home and individual consideration just as infant items. The wide scope of brands are supported by far reaching research and significant bits of knowledge into every one of the business sectors in which Tiger Brands works. Tiger Brands is without question a worldÃ¢â¬class activity Ã¢â¬ and will proceed to hold and develop its situation through steady interest in each benefit of the business, be it in individuals, brands, innovation, proficiency, quality or maintainability.
Thursday, July 23, 2020
Participating Japan in Trans Pacific Partnership Trans Pacific Partnership Mar 26, 2018 in Case Studies Introduction The proclamation of the Japanese Authority on delaying the 2011 resolution to whether to be part of the suggested Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) can be understood under consideration of the disaster that happened at Tohoku part of Japan. It is understandable that Japanese Government had to focus on the rebuilding of the nuclear plants. Nevertheless, the TPP members still believed that, despite the tragedy that had incapacitated Japan, it could at least make fundamental agreement with the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. The Japanese participation in TPP is of immense significance for the TPP considering the economic power and the impact Japan has in the region of Asia Pacific. To this end, Japanese participation in TPP will enhance the Japan-US trade relationship by offering a platform for resolving their long standing issues related to economic competition. This participation will also involve economic giants that represent more than 36% of the world GDP in the trade re lationship in a dynamic region (Surhone). Importance of Japanese Participation in TPP The early commitment of Japan to the TPP would be a crucial short-term indication to the entire world that Japanese are open to do business. On the other hand, in the long-term, the Japanese participation in TPP would be a terrific boost to its economic development and recovery that would usher in economic reorganization in key zones making the economy be much more dynamic and make Japan an attractive investment ground. Considering the international concern on radiation pollution of Japanese products, scientific standards will offer protection against biased discrimination. Consequently, the USJBC has offered a lot of support for the Japanese participation in TPP on condition that Japan is ready to abide to the terms and condition stipulated by TPP partners. The present TPP partners have agreed to get into an agreement so as to attain the century agreement on trade that is comprehensive in coverage and scope of agriculture. The 21st century agreement is inclusive in its commitment to the standards for investment and trade liberalization that entails tariff beyond the regional barrier that tends to inhabit trade activities (Commission).
Friday, May 22, 2020
BUSINESS JOURNALISM Today, financial journalism has taken the centrestage. Economic decision making is decentralised to the extent that it has never been before. This has made economic coverage an all the more sensitive affair. The Indian economy was liberalised in 1991 and its doors ere thrown open to multinational corporations. Consequently, a large number of tie-ups with foreign companies were witnessed. This led to the emergence and growth of more economic newspapers and periodicals. Even the existing ones expanded. They changed their newsprint, design and presentation. The general newspapers started devoting more pages to cover various aspects of the economy. The electronic media stared telecasting special programmes on industry,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Now there is a potpourri of choices. News organizations open to trying a variety of ways of doing things have it right. Business journalists willing to try different ways of telling stories are on target as well. BUSINESS JOURNALISM INVOLVES * Develop an understanding of the role of business * Analyze and write about a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s financial performance; * find information about private and public companies; * Learn how to evaluate corporate press releases; * Understand how a company is structured and the role of executives; * Analyze the relationship between business journalists and companies; * Writing basic business news stories * Explore the relationship between companies and the regulators that oversee them; * Analyze documents ranging from analyst reports to court documents; * Evaluate how financial markets influence companies. * business journalism has to tell a good story and entice the reader with a compelling lead. The best business journalists may use numbers in their leads, but they primarily use words to explain whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on. * They write a story, not a balance sheet. The numbers are only there to support the thesis of the writing. * Avoid an overabundance of number s in one sentence or paragraph * Use short sentences. * Explaining economic jargon in laymens language helps to get across to different categories of readers * JOB OF AShow MoreRelatedPrint Journalism : An Alternative Business Model1420 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Commissioned by Mr Rupert Murdock Written by Lauren M Petri Chief Advisor to Mr Rupert Murdock Executive Summary Print journalism has existed since the early days of the printing press in the 16th century and has succeeded in providing quality news for generations. However, since the technology movement, slowly but surely Print Journalism in Australia has been in crisis. The growing rate of digital technology, the sale of advertising space and competition from cheaper and more popularRead MoreBusiness Journalism in India26104 Words Ã |Ã 105 PagesBusiness and Magazine Journalism (combination of Niche I and II) 1 Growing importance of business journalism, a brief history (2) 2 The structure of financial management in the country starting with the Finance Minister, (5) rest of the bureaucracy, RBI governor, Planning Commission, SEBI, Banking sector 3 The Budget preparation and presentation, factors influencing the annual budget, role of (5) subsidies and foreign exchange reserves 4 Companies, balance sheets, AGMs window dressingRead MoreThe Informational Model Of Journalism Essay1679 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1. What are the drawbacks of the informational model of journalism? First, we may be producing too much information. With developments in media technology, we have created an Ã¢â¬Å"information glutÃ¢â¬ that makes news and information Ã¢â¬Å"a form of garbage.Ã¢â¬ Scientists, technicians, managers, and journalists pile up so much information that adds to problems and anxieties of everyday life. There is too much unchecked data and not enough thoughtful discussion. In addition, the amount of data that comes from mediaRead MoreThe And Skeptics : Evaluating The Credibility Of Mainstream And Citizen Journalism1151 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe concept of journalism has always been regarded with skepticism. People are not sure which newspapers or news stations to trust. Naturally, the audience gravitates towards mainstream news providers like CNN or The New York Times. These sources, along with many others, have been accepted for their credibility. Recently, however, another source has been capturing the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s attention. This source is known as citizen journalism, and its contributions to society have had a huge impact. WhetherRead MoreDeath of the Newspaper: Where Will Journalism Go From Here?1337 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesneeds, more and more newspapers are being forced to close their doors. In spite of this, the spirit of journalism cannot be allowed to die. Media expert Clay Shirky (2009, para. 10) writes that, Ã¢â¬Å"There is no general model for newspapers to replace the one the internet just broke.Ã¢â¬ ShirkyÃ¢â¬â¢s right, there is no general model because itÃ¢â¬â¢s no longer about replacing newspapers; itÃ¢â¬â¢s about saving journalism and giving journalists a new media in which to thrive. In an age where young people have been steadilyRead More Journalism and the American Renaissance Essay1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesJournalism and the American Renaissance Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The period in American Literature known as the American Renaissance was a time of great change in our country. It was an age of westward expansion and social conflict. Americans were divided on such volatile issues as slavery, reform and sectionalism that ultimately led to the Civil War. Emerging from this cauldron of change came the voice of a new nation - a nation with views and ideals all its own. The social, economic, technological and demographicRead MoreThe Top Ten Most Twitter1474 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexposed to the media than their followers and are part of the intermediate layer. Around half of the information originating from the media passes to the masses indirectly through the opinion leaders (Wu, Mason, Hofman, Watts, 2011). Automated journalism is an important way technology will change reporting. Algorithms have been able to automatically produce news from structured data. Currently, algorithms can generate news for earthquake alerts, company earnings reports, and crime reporting. TheRead MoreNews Of The 21st Century : The Evolution Of Necessity1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEvolution of Necessity By Sarah Laird, n9196579 Topic 1: Discuss how gathering, accessing and paying for news is evolving to survive using a range of sources and specific examples to illustrate your argument. Introduction A new form of journalism based on new media is changing the core of news production and consumption. Rebelling against the news models of the past as news migrates onto an online platform. News values are changing even in the ABC and other conventional news outlets. TheseRead MoreThe Role Of Journalism And Its Impact On Society Essay1428 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessociety, the role of journalism is a varied one that covers many different aspects of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. As more and more outlets spring up around the world, many more stories are able to be covered by different outlets, and this means that journalism takes on a more and more important role in a contemporary society. Much of our lives centre on political and social happenings, and journalistic outlets are the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s way of finding all the information on these event. Journalism also provides us withRead MoreSocial Media And Its Impact On Journalism1742 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocial media has had a huge impact on the w ay that journalism is practiced and the way that the general public perceive news in the present day. This dissertation aims to identify and explore the use of the different social media platforms, focusing on the impact that the rise of social media has had on journalism practices. In addition, this paper will examine the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s responses to the news that they receive through social media platforms. Examples of social media platforms that this dissertation
Thursday, May 7, 2020
HOW USEFUL IS THEORY IN EXPLAINING THE GROWTH OF INTERNET RETAILING? Internet Retailing is the most groundbreaking and challenging innovation for the retail industry since the last two decades. It offers a new kind of distribution channel and incomparable options of collecting customer data and analysing buying patterns. Since it readiness for the market, online retailing has seen remarkable growth rates and begins to gain a significant share of total retail sales which results in a fundamental change of the overall sector. Therefore, this paper questions to what extent the different theories of change are appropriate to explain the development and expansion f the internet retail sector. I. DEFINITION INTERNET RETAILING As part of theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Internet technologies also allow on the one hand the ability to give more information about products and services and make it easier for consumer to evaluate and purchase them. On the other hand companies profit from the internetÃ¢â¬â¢s interactive capabilities which provide new tools to collect market research data on customer preferences, to personalise information and help them in their decision making process. Consumers have now more alternatives and a greater selection of products and information. They benefit from higher price transparency which is two edged for the companies. However, there are new limitations of electronic shopping for consumers compared to the bricks and mortal retailing. The shopping experience, habits and the way to evaluate the choice of product is different. On the internet one is not able to use all five senses like touching, smelling, tasting, seeing and hearing. There is less personal attention for the bu yer and one can not buy with cash money. The fact that consumers are able to search for more information on the products and prices has also the disadvantage that the information is very broad and often not practical. People get Ã¢â¬Å"lost in hyperspaceÃ¢â¬ (Van Baal, 2006). Another critical for breakthrough of online retailing is privacy and security concerns. Weitz (2006) defines two essential factors which affect the growth of the internet retailing:Show MoreRelatedWalmart, Amazon, and Ebay: Who Will Dominate Internet Retailing?1929 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbrands use e-commerce to retain their dominant retail positions. 1bÃ Name and describe three technology trends shaping e-commerce today. There are many different technology trends shaping e-commerce today. One technology trend is that wireless internet connections grow rapidly. Also, powerful handheld mobile devices support music, Web surfing, and entertainment as well as voice communication. Podcasting and streaming take off as mediums for distribution of video, radio, and user-generation contentRead MoreE Commerce ( Ec ) Adoption And Development And Particularly Internet Retailing3555 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesAbstract Internet retailing has received substantial attention in many countries. There has been an increasing relevance for adoption of Internet retailing in the world and for developing countries as well. This study aims to examine about e-commerce (EC) adoption and development and particularly Internet retailing in Indonesia. Some factors affecting the adoption of Internet retailing and the condition of IndonesiaÃ¢â¬â¢s Internet retailing are discussed in this paper. Furthermore, the findings willRead MoreThe Future Is Online for Apparel Retailers1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesto harness the huge potential of the internet is the biggest retail challenge facing the apparel industry over the next five years. And at the core of the challenge is the need for a fast, efficient and hassle-free returns service. A tipping point for online apparel retailing The practice of waiting in line for an available changing room to try on new clothes might one day become a novelty rather than an unavoidable nuisance as apparel internet retailing enters a dynamic new era of growth. OverRead MoreTesco.Com as an Online Distribution Channel1451 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesonline-grocery-retailing as a new distribution channel for its business, as well as the challenges, milestones, and rewards it encountered along the way. In recent years the internet has served as a platform for online retailing for most products, take the case of online retailers such as Amazon.com or EBay who have successfully been able to sell a wide range of products over the internet. However, most companies have not been able to emulate this success in online grocery retailing. In fact, mostRead MoreImpact Of Online Shopping On Businesses1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof online shopping and what effects it has on businesses. According to Australian Bureau of Statistics, 43% of Australians use the internet to buy products and services . This states that the internet is changing consumer shopping habits fast, and most likely, forever. As reported by the National Retail Association, 50,000 people will lose their jobs due to internet shopping . These statistics will significantly affect the work place with people losing their jobs which can be blamed for the popularityRead MoreThe Internet And Its Impact On Business1488 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshe Internet and Web has left a retail presence that many store-based retailers are now discovering before it becomes to late. The internet has generated sales for retailers to where it can solely be used as the main source of revenue for the business. The companies who have established a store location for its goods and services are developing ways to explore and expand its retailer business to the Web to increase its revenue. The Web has also allowed companies to expand its business geographicallyRead MoreThe Digital Revolution Is Responsible For The Largest Societal Shift Essay1671 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageschallenges to bricks and mortar retailing. This literature review will succinctly analyze and evaluate the effect that e-tailing has had on traditional bricks and mortar retailing, by looking at the ways in which the bricks and mortar retail stores have had to develop their retailing strategy in an increasingly digital world. Across the extant literature three themes were co nsistently detected around the effects online retailing has had on traditional bricks and mortar retailing, in the forms of the responsesRead MoreCan We Consider Walmart A Fair Competitor?s Online Success?1609 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesis also willing to forego profits to gain market share, making it difficult for Walmart to find a space in the online retailing spotlight. Not being hamstrung by an enormous brick-and-mortar business like Walmart, Amazon is able to do e-commerce for many other businesses, Target for instance. As a result, Amazon has set up a culture, not only by its enormous influence on retailing on a global scope, but also by the loyalty program, Prime, that it has established over the years and drives its customerRead MoreEssay on The Internet and the Power of E-Commerce1373 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Power of E-Commerce The Industrial Revolution changed the face of the business world. In much the same way the Internet Revolution has changed the business world; its impact has ricocheted to every corner of the world. The internet revolution gave birth to an electronic economy. Ecommerce has seen tremendous growth in the last years, its effects are countless. Ecommerce has allowed for the expansion and proliferation of a globalized economy, it has made transactions easier and more efficientRead MoreSwot Analysis : The Airline Company1213 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessense because software is not a physical good which is a fairly large segment for this business. Internet Retailing This option has a relatively high inventory percentage. Internet retailing industry has a large inventory. This option has a moderate amount of PPE ratio. For internet retailing industry, it needs a big enough storage space, but not too much. 11.72% of RD ratio, because internet retailing industry needs maintain and constantly improve the services. Pharmaceuticals Among all ratios
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(80) " the idea of conformity, as George states,Ã¢â¬ I donÃ¢â¬â¢t notice it any more\." Society affects the lives of people who live in it. It dictates how they should behave and establishes norms that are expected to be obeyed otherwise people who do not fulfill the expectations are considered as deviant, rebellious and societyÃ¢â¬â¢s outcasts. Society, however, is susceptible to change, as it is highly shaped by the events and its resulting pervasive ideas, occurring in certain periods of time. We will write a custom essay sample on American Literature and Research or any similar topic only for you Order Now The three stories, Ã¢â¬Å"The Vanishing American HoboÃ¢â¬ by Jack Kerouac, Ã¢â¬Å"Harrison BergeronÃ¢â¬ by Kurt Vonnegut and Ã¢â¬Å"SoldierÃ¢â¬â¢s Home Ã¢â¬Å"by Ernest Hemingway clearly illustrates how society changes and how it affects the people in it and how people attempts to suppress deviance. The story Ã¢â¬Å"SoldierÃ¢â¬â¢s HomeÃ¢â¬ is a story of a young man who returns as a changed man to Oklahoma in 1919 after the First World War. This story was first published in 1925. The young soldier Harold Ã¢â¬Å"KrebsÃ¢â¬ enlisted in the Marines and goes to war for two years. When he returns home it is very obvious that he is not the same hopeful, slick, religious young man in the picture who goes to a Methodist College and enjoys college lives with fraternity brothers anymore. Now he is passive and refers to himself as not part of the Ã¢â¬Å"KingdomÃ¢â¬ . Moreover, it seems he does not want to be involved with life in general, the reason is that,Ã¢â¬ He did not want consequences Ã¢â¬ ¦. he wanted to live along without consequences,Ã¢â¬ therefore he withdrew (Hemingway 2007). Around him there is an air and sense of loss, he even has to lose his own war stories as he had to tell lies about his experiences since people in his town decided they have had enough of the stories of atrocities related by the soldiers who came home earlier than him. Moreover, there are so many things that he does not want to take part anymore even courting as it states, Ã¢â¬Å"He did not want to have to do any courtingÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway 2007). It is pretty obvious that the war had changed Krebs, and the line Ã¢â¬Å"he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t make her see itÃ¢â¬ , when he comforts his mother after telling her that he does not love her, hinted to the reason (Hemingway 2007). The war had taught him a lot of things including stifling his emotions. And most importantly, he could not explain to his mother what he had gone through in the war, he could not make her understand and see the horror the war has exposed him. But his family, especially his parents, could not see why he has to act that way while the other soldiers in the neighborhood had clearly moved on, having good jobs and getting married, and so they pressured him to go back to the normal society. The First World War brought many countries into a global armed conflict that was considered the first devastating and horrible event in all of human history. People died by the thousands and many suddenly find themselves losing their family and friends. The soldiers, especially, are daily exposed not only to the hardships of war but the terror and anxiety that accompanies it. Trench warfare specifically exposed the soldiers to a very harsh, stagnant and extremely dangerous environment. Right before their eyes skulls and brains were blown away. An example of a horrible incident is when a man who had the top of his head blown away was groaning like an animal for three hours before he died (Hemingway Lecture Notes). Soldiers surrounding him cannot avoid being affected by such painful human torture, as they were helpless to ease his pain. No wonder that an incident like this made many soldiers who return home after the war broken, without hope and suffer emotional numbness and disbelief like Krebs did. According to the Department of Veterans Affairs it is normal that soldiers experiences a kind of trauma (shellshock and post traumatic stress disorder) after the war since it is indeed a very shocking human experience. Soldiers feel somehow dissociated from what they know is Ã¢â¬Å"normal lifeÃ¢â¬ . It is possible that the other soldiers like Charley Simmons who easily adjusted to normal life in Oklahoma did not suffer as much as Krebs did. Studies revealed that soldiers do not experience the same kind of trauma as not all of them are exposed to more Ã¢â¬Å"prolonged, extensive, and horrifyingÃ¢â¬ situation as Krebs probably was. However, society put pressure on them by expecting them to move on, to forget the war (Ã¢â¬Å"National CenterÃ¢â¬ 2007). The short story Ã¢â¬Å"Harrison BergeronÃ¢â¬ reflects the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s conformity lifestyle and the rebellious protestation of a young boy against it. It was published in 1961. The story describes the hopeful and desperate attempts of that society to eliminate differences and to achieve equality especially in terms of intellect and physical appearance. If any man has above normal average intelligence, they put a metal handicap radio in his ear which in every 20 seconds, a noise from the government transmitter will interrupt his thinking, so that he cannot use his intelligence for his advantage. If a woman is beautiful, a hideous mask covers her face to conceal her beauty. Moreover, people are burdened with sashweights and bags of birdshot to keep them from being graceful in their movements or to reduce their strength. The point is, anything that can make them look as superior from every body else are made into a handicap. They do not want Ã¢â¬Å"to go back to the dark ages again, with everybody competing against everybody elseÃ¢â¬ (Vonnegut 2005). Moreover, the idea of disobeying the law, when Hazel suggested that they made a hole to take out some lead balls from the birdshot canvas bag, was an unthinkable thing for according to George, Ã¢â¬Å" The minute people start cheating on laws, what do you think happens to societyÃ¢â¬ ( Vonnegut 2005)? They believe that cheating on laws brings social upheavals that they do not like. The strange thing is that Hazel and George and the people around them seem to get used to the idea of conformity, as George states,Ã¢â¬ I donÃ¢â¬â¢t notice it any more. You read "American Literature and Research" in category "Free Research Paper Samples" It just a part of meÃ¢â¬ (Vonnegut 2005). However, their son, Harrison, is put into jail and eventually killed for rebelling against it. As the Handicapper General attacked their son on TV, parents of Harrison were not able to help him. Two are several forces that led into the conformity of the 1950Ã¢â¬ s: the Korean conflict and the threat of communism. But the underlying root cause of it all is the fear of the terrors of war that they previously experienced in the Second World War. Therefore to avoid any conflict, social conformity is encouraged since they believed that conformity is unity. The place of men and women in society were clearly defined: women stay home while the men go out to work and achieve the American dream. This is being depicted by Hazel and George Bergeron: Hazel stays at home while George works. Men are especially drawn to the collective idea of Ã¢â¬Å"organization manÃ¢â¬ ; they were expected to work in corporations, to put on flannel suits and pursue the American dream. The American dream is like the Handicapper General that dictates the ideas and dreams of the people. Every one is encouraged to think and act alike and was preoccupied with the lure of consumerism and materialism. Conformity are also seen in the sameness of house designs , like the one in Levittown and the sameness of appetite, as Americans began to be obsessed with fast foods. Conformity was especially achieved with the aid of Television. As in the story, all of the action occurred in front of the Television (Costello 2007). However, the young generations are beginning to rebel, as symbolized by Harrison, but the force of conformity was so strong that parents are in bondage to it, unable to extend the necessary psychological and emotional help that their children desperately needed. The Ã¢â¬Å"Vanishing American HoboÃ¢â¬ was published in 1960. It tells of the experiences of the hobos as they travels like vagabonds from place to place across America usually with back packs on their backs. They are a people who choose to live as exiles of society, who sleep just anywhere, to experience the freedom that they desire, Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing nobler than to put up with a few inconveniences like snakes and dust for the sake of absolute freedomÃ¢â¬ (Kerouac 2008). But freedom from what? Obviously from their restrictive society who dictates what they should do or have. According to Kerouac, the hobo Ã¢â¬Å"is born of pride, having nothing to do with a community but with himself and other hobos and maybe a dogÃ¢â¬ (Kerouac 2008). This means that they are proud of their lifestyle or subculture, that they deliberately do not want to associate with society and maintain little intimate interest with other people, aside from the hobos like them. The author laments that they are quickly becoming a vanishing lot because of the police and the media. The police, riding in their tax-paid police, cars searches for them everywhere suspecting them as possible spies against the government while the media, on the other hand, portray them as Ã¢â¬Å"the rapist, the strangler, and child-eaterÃ¢â¬ so that adults and children stay away from them and no longer provides them with the food that they need (Kerouac 2008). This shows clearly the attempts of the government to suppress the subculture that they symbolizes and to force them back to what is Ã¢â¬Å"normalÃ¢â¬ . In the wake of the conformity of the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s arises the Beat generation. Ã¢â¬Å"Beat generationÃ¢â¬ is attributed to Jack Kerouac. Though it could mean being defeated or weary of life Ã¢â¬Å"like being pushed up against the wallÃ¢â¬ or implying a sense of being used or raw Jack would also like it to refer to what is beatific (The Beat Generation Lecture). Jack and his friends, in ushering in the beat generation, encourages the protest of the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s against the established society of materialism, where everyone are encouraged to own cars and decent homes. The generation, having experienced uncertainties of the Depression and the terror of war in childhood, is a disillusioned lot who desperately wants to hold on to something that they can believe in(Beat Generation Lecture Notes; Abieva [no date]). They do not find such meaning in the collective conformity of the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s, the generation of their fathers. In fact, they do not trust this collective society who was responsible for the bad circumstances of depression and global wars. The hobos, particularly, are glorified as people who defy the restrictive and demanding norms of society in pursuit of freedom. They symbolize the solitary desire of that generation, to be left alone, to figure things out for themselves, to search for meaning. As the period was compounded by hysteria of the rise of communism, it seems that the right thing to do in that generation, to preserve ones individual identity, is to quit that society. Attempts were made to discourage this deviance (subculture) as what McCarthy did in his pursuit against communism. The media and police were effective tools for suppression (Abieva, [no date]). The three stories therefore clearly give an insight into the societies in the periods of American history following just after turbulent struggles. The horrors and uncertainties of the Wars and Depression molded the consciousness of the people, and as they try to cope with the challenge of their era, it therefore changed their way of thinking and lifestyle. People become united for certain causes and also united in their sufferings. However, some people do try to get out of its safe mold, to carve a life according to the dictates of their own minds. To be different is what scares most people so that society always attempts to suppress this deviance back to conformity by exerting force or pressure. Works Cited Abieva, Natalia. Protest and Experiment in the Literature of the Beat Generation. Fairfield University. [no date]. Accessed November 4, 2008 http://www. faculty. fairfield. edu/faculty/ hodgson/RussiaDiversity/LastYear/Thebeats. htm Costello, Mr. Conformity Notes: 1950s Lecture On Society. Canfield Foundation Website. March 2007. Accessed November 4, 2008 http://servtlc. access-k12. org/ achievement/Fifties_Conformity. htm Hemingway, Ernest. Ã¢â¬Å"SoldierÃ¢â¬â¢s HomeÃ¢â¬ . Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 2007. Accessed November 4, 2008 http://www. cis. vt. edu/modernworld/d/ hemingway. html#3 Kerouac , Jack. Ã¢â¬Å"The Vanishing American HoboÃ¢â¬ . Cloud Bird Trail Home. 2008. Accessed November 4, 2008 http://cloudbirdtrail. talkspot. com/aspx/templates/ topmenuclassical. aspx/msgid/326411 Ã¢â¬Å"National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Ã¢â¬Å". United States Department of Veterans Affairs. May 2007. Accessed November 4, 2008 http://ncptsd. va. gov/ncmain/ncdocs/ fact_shts/fs_older_veterans. html Vonnegut, Kurt. Ã¢â¬Å"Harrison BergeronÃ¢â¬ . West Valley College. September 2005. Accessed November 4, 2008 http://instruct. westvalley. edu/lafave/hb. html How to cite American Literature and Research, Essays
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Tv...The Other Parent English 111, Section 06 23 October 1999 ?TV: The Other Parent? Is it parents' fault or children's that they sit hours in front their big glowing box mesmerized, and learning violent behavior as a means of relating to others. The truth about television violence and children has been shown. Studies have been carried out and all the results point to the same conclusion: Violence on Television affects the behavior of children who are watching it. In fact, violence on TV causes children to be increasingly violent, and the effects could be life-long. ?Some psychologists and psychiatrists believe that continued exposure to violence can speed up the impact of the adult world on a child's life? (Douglas Carter T. V. Violence and the Child). Exposure to violent material can force the child into a kind of premature maturity, and make the child become bewildered and have a greater distrust towards others. It even could make the child have awkward approach to adult problems and they might even develop a desire not to become adults. Television violence can destroy a young child's mind, and the effects may be ever lasting. This is made obvious in New York, where a 16-year-old boy broke into a cellar. When the police caught him and asked him why he was wearing gloves, he said that he had learned not to leave fingerprints from TV. And even another case in Alabama where a nine-year-old received a bad report from his teacher and had plans to send her poisoned candy like he had seen the night before on a TV show (Michael Howe J. A. Television and Children). This proves that after viewing television violence the world, through a child's eyes, becomes distorted in comparison. The children create violence to help keep them-selves satisfied. The reason children are so drawn to the violence on TV today is that the characters on TV make it look fun, so the children find it fun to imitate. The Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers are a prime example of kids imitating TV characters as fun. Our government has conducted an experiment where children were left alone in a room with a TV playing a videotape of other children at play, and soon things got out of hand. The kids who had just seen commercial violence accepted much higher levels of aggression than other children did. And in other research conducted, it was found that U.S. children feed off each other's aggression, academic problems, unpopularity with peers, and violence. And this promotes the violent behavior in children today. It has been found that kids who watch more television are more likely to solve their problems with violence rather than kids who don't, and sit down to talk their problems out. But as much violent programs that there are out in the TV world there were (and maybe still are) those programs that teach the right way to resolve things. Like the once popular TV series ?Little House on the Prairie?. Michael Landon taught the moral values of solving problems without the use of violence. Fixing this problem isn't easy, it will never go away, and in time will get worse. About the only way to correct this ever-growing problem is to stop it where it starts: in the home. The parents should take up the responsibility to be more into what their kids watch. The parents are the role models for the children so if the parents can teach the children that violence isn't necessary, along with keeping a close eye on what they watch, then maybe this problem soon wouldn't be as bad as it is now. After all the children are everyone's future rulers of this world and what would happen if they were all violent? English Essays